Chanukah is an eight day festival of lights beginning on the 25th day of the Jewish month of Kislev. According to tradition as recorded in the Talmud, at the time of the rededication, there was very little oil left that had not been defiled by the Greeks. Oil was needed for the menorah in the Temple, which was supposed to burn throughout the night every night. There was only enough oil to burn for one day, yet miraculously, it burned for eight days, the time needed to prepare a fresh supply of oil for the menorah. An eight day festival was declared to commemorate this miracle. Note that the holiday commemorates the miracle of the oil, not the military victory: Jews do not glorify war.
Significance: Remembers the rededication of the Temple after it was defiled by the Greeks
Observances: Lighting Candles
Length: 8 days
Customs: eating potato latkes; playing with a dreidel