Literally, the “head of the year” or “first of the year,” Rosh Hashanah is often referred to as the Jewish New Year. The Jewish New Year marks the beginning of a time for introspection — a time to look back at the mistakes of the past year and to plan for the changes in the new year, continuing through the Days of Awe and Yom Kippur.
Significance: New Year
Observances: Sounding the Shofar
Length: 2 days (Some: 1 day)
Customs: Dipping apples in honey; Casting off “sins” into a river
Greeting: L’shanah tovah! (For a good year!)