Shavu’ot is the second of the three major festivals with historical and agricultural importance (the other two are Passover and Sukkot). Shavu’ot is the Festival of Weeks and honors the giving of Our Torah at Mount Sinai. It also marks the first fruits being harvested and brought to the temple. Shavu’ot is not tied to a specific calendar date, but rather to counting from Passover.
During the period from Passover to Shavu’ot (49 days or 7 full weeks), we count each of the days from the second day of Passover to the day before Shavu’out. The counting reminds us of the connection between the holidays; Passover freed us from bondage (physically), but the giving of the Torah on Shavu’ot redeemed us spiritually from our bondage to immortality and idolatry.
Significance: Remembers the giving of the Torah; also a harvest festival
Observances: Studying Torah
Length: 2 days (Some: 1 day)
Customs: Eating dairy foods